rsync options source destination
Over SSH: To specify a protocol with rsync you need to give “-e” option with protocol name you want to use.
rsync -avzhe ssh source destination
This tells rsync to remove from the sending side the files (meaning non-directories) that are a
part of the transfer and have been successfully duplicated on the receiving side.
Note that you should only use this option on source files that are quiescent. If you are using
this to move files that show up in a particular directory over to another host, make sure that the
finished files get renamed into the source directory, not directly written into it, so that rsync
can’t possibly transfer a file that is not yet fully written. If you can’t first write the files
into a different directory, you should use a naming idiom that lets rsync avoid transferring files
that are not yet finished (e.g. name the file "foo.new" when it is written, rename it to "foo"
when it is done, and then use the option --exclude='*.new' for the rsync transfer).
This tells rsync to delete extraneous files from the receiving side (ones that aren’t on the
sending side), but only for the directories that are being synchronized. You must have asked
rsync to send the whole directory (e.g. "dir" or "dir/") without using a wildcard for the
directory’s contents (e.g. "dir/*") since the wildcard is expanded by the shell and rsync thus
gets a request to transfer individual files, not the files’ parent directory. Files that are
excluded from the transfer are also excluded from being deleted unless you use the
--delete-excluded option or mark the rules as only matching on the sending side (see the
include/exclude modifiers in the FILTER RULES section).
Prior to rsync 2.6.7, this option would have no effect unless --recursive was enabled. Beginning
with 2.6.7, deletions will also occur when --dirs (-d) is enabled, but only for directories whose
contents are being copied.
This option can be dangerous if used incorrectly! It is a very good idea to first try a run using
the --dry-run option (-n) to see what files are going to be deleted.
If the sending side detects any I/O errors, then the deletion of any files at the destination will
be automatically disabled. This is to prevent temporary filesystem failures (such as NFS errors)
on the sending side from causing a massive deletion of files on the destination. You can override
this with the --ignore-errors option.
The --delete option may be combined with one of the --delete-WHEN options without conflict, as
well as --delete-excluded. However, if none of the --delete-WHEN options are specified, rsync
will choose the --delete-during algorithm when talking to rsync 3.0.0 or newer, and the
--delete-before algorithm when talking to an older rsync. See also --delete-delay and
To run it in the background use:
nohup [rysnc command] > nohup.log &
-n, --dry-run perform a trial run with no changes made
-v, --verbose increase verbosity
-a, --archive archive mode; equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X)
-P, --progress show progress during transfer
--remove-source-files --sender removes synchronized files (non-dir)
--delete --delete extraneous files from dest dirs
-z, --compress compress file data during the transfer
--iconv=iso-8859-1,utf8 =--iconv=[localenc],[remoteenc] (Conv. Enc. on the fly)
Note: It is better to Rsync over SSH than to rsync two "local" folders which are actually NFS/Remote Mounts.